Spanish colonial period to philippine revolution

Bythe tribute was replaced by the cedula personalwherein everyone over 18 were required to pay for personal identification.

Colonization of The Philippines

His annual salary ranged from P to P before and P to P after it. In it, the Department mandates secondary schools to offer basic and advanced Spanish.

Philippine Literature in the Spanish Colonial Period

Andres Bonifacioa self-educated warehouse clerk, organized a secret revolutionary society, the Katipunanin Manila. Revolutionary and liberal movements in Europe and elsewhere, in addition to the persistence of friar autocratic rule, brought winds of change in the political climate in the Philippines.

This gradually resulted in the death of both institutions: The Governor-General was commonly a peninsular Spaniarda Spaniard born in Spain, to ensure loyalty of the colony to the crown or tiara.

He is considered as the Father of Filipino Grammar. Bonifacio immediately issued a call for armed rebellion. This labor lasted for 40 days a year, later it was reduced to 15 days. The Revolution broke out prematurely on August 23, because ofthe untimely discovery by a Spanish friar, on August 19, of the existence of the revolutionary society.

This was the result both of a majority of Spanish-speaking population, as well as the partial freedom of the press which the American rulers allowed. During the 19th century, however, an educated Filipino middle class emerged and with it a desire for Philippine independence.

Reform-minded Filipinos took refuge in Europe, where they carried on a literary campaign known as the Propaganda Movement. In March leadership of the revolution passed to a young general, Emilio Aguinaldowho had Bonifacio shot for alleged sedition. The first task was the reduction, or relocation of native inhabitants into settlements.

Fighting erupted between United States and Filipino revolutionary forces on February 4,and quickly escalated into the Second Battle of Manila. Aguinaldo used the money to purchase arms in Hong Kong, and the Spanish reneged on the promised reforms.

This war, also known as the Philippine War of Independence, was an armed conflict between the United States and Filipino revolutionaries. At the turn of the century, religio politico of the earlier decades had largely reappeared as nationalist movements but distinct from the mainstream revolutionary war against American rule.

After years of Spanish rule, the U. It began upon the discovery of the anti-colonial secret organization Katipunan by the Spanish authorities on August 1st, However, the league was disbanded four days after its formation, and Jose was declared an enemy of state by Spanish authorities.

Composed of leading men in blocal and foreign scholarships and training grants in agriculture and established an academy of design. Royal Company of the Philippines[ edit ] See also: The polista were according to law, to be given a daily rice ration during their working days which they often did not receive.

Composed of leading men in blocal and foreign scholarships and training grants in agriculture and established an academy of design.

History of the Philippines (1521–1898)

After three years of service, a cabeza was qualified for election to the office of the gobernadorcillo. Administered over a barangay of 40 to 50 families Collected tribute in the barangay Position was originally hereditary among the local elites of the pre-colonial period Position was made elective in ; the gobernadorcillo and other cabezas chose a name and presented it to the Governor General for appointment to the position in a specific barangay.

In return, the person granted the encomienda, known as an encomendero, was tasked to provide military protection to the inhabitants, justice and governance. The metrical regularity and rhyme performed their age-old mnemonic function, despite and because of the introduction of printing.

The campaign came to a conclusion on May 8,with Japanese control over the Philippines. This class speaks Spanish, and as it is the most prominent and important class of people in the Islands, Spanish continues to be the most important language spoken in political, journalistic and commercial circles.

Ina convent school for Philippine women known as Beaterios was Spanish colonial period to philippine revolution. Language revitalization The 21st century has seen a revival of interest in the language, with the numbers of those studying it formally at college or taking private courses rising markedly in recent years.

A Normal School for male teachers was established and was supervised by the Jesuits. It was introduced invanished temporarily in —, — and —, and ceased to exist in the middle of the s. Manila dominated the islands not only as the political capital.

Gregoria de Jesus, wife of Andres Bonifacio, wrote notable Tagalog poetry. Barangay Every barangay was further divided into "barrios", and the barrio government village or district rested on the barrio administrator cabeza de barangay. The primary instruction and the teaching of the Spanish language was compulsory.English: The Philippine Revolution (–), called the "Tagalog War" by the Spanish.

It began against the Spanish colonial rule in theand extended through the Spanish–American War.; It was renewed in against U.S. colonial rule, to become the Philippine-American War.

Philippine Literature under Spanish Colonial Period The Spanish colonial strategy was to undermine the native oral tradition by substituting for it the story of the Passion of Christ (Lumbera, p. 14). Philippine Revolution, (–98), Filipino independence struggle that, after more than years of Spanish colonial rule, exposed the weakness of Spanish administration but failed to.

After a year of bloody fighting with support from the United States to the Philippines, the Spanish signed the truce pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 14,ending the Philippine Revolution.

The Philippine Revolution marked an important turning point in Filipino Nationalism, and was a major cause for the inevitable downfall of Spanish Colonial Rule. Economy during the Spanish Colonial Period.

Ferdinand Magellan set out from Spain in on the first voyage to circumnavigate the globe with five ships and a complement of crew. SPANISH COLONIAL PERIOD TO PHILIPPINE REVOLUTION Aims of Spanish Colonization • God – propagation of Catholic Christianity • Gold – desire for economic wealth • Glory – to be the greatest empire in the world THE SPANISH COLONIAL SYSTEM Spain Retains the Philippines Despite Economic Loss • As a colony, the Philippines was a.

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